Baxter Process

A color printing process patented by the Englishman George Baxter in 1835, which combined an intaglio (or occasionally lithographic) “key” and relief color blocks. The key plate, which printed the main features of the design, was etched (often through an aquatint ground) or stippled engraved, and oil colors were superimposed from wood blocks. The process attracted a lot of attention in the 19th century.

Plon, in France, patented a process referred to as “aquarelle typographique,” designed to compete against the Baxter process. Plon’s version combined relief printing, intaglio and lithography. (Nadeau, Encyclopedia, p. xxx).

"Self-Denial" Sir Philip Sidney at Zutphen. N.d. 162 x 118 mm.